Open Access Articles
  • Analysis of Coarse-Grained Lattice Models and Connections to Nonlocal Interactions

    by Qiang Du, Xiantao Li & Liming Yuan, CSIAM-AM 1 (2020), pp. 155-185.

    We study coarse-grained models of some linear static lattice models with interactions up to second nearest neighbors. It will be demonstrated how nonlocal interactions, as described by a nonlocal kernel function, arise from a coarse-graining procedure. Some important properties of the nonlocal kernels will be established such as its decay rate and positivity. We also study the scaling behavior of the kernel functions as the level of coarse-graining changes. In addition, we suggest closure approximations of the nonlocal interactions that can be expressed in local PDE forms by introducing auxiliary variables.