Volume 14, Issue 3
Impact of copper and Emerging Technologies against Novel Coronavirus

Journal of Fiber Bioengineering & Informatics, 14 (2021), pp. 173-188.

Published online: 2021-10

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• Abstract

Coronavirus belongs to the novel virulent strains of the respiratory viruses. It is an invisible enemy having significant threats to human health. The major trouble is that the spread of coronavirus is not limited to its transmission from human to human (by contact, fomites, and droplets) but also continue to transmit from contaminated surfaces to humans. These infectious viruses can survive in different non- biocidal materials for a long time. Copper holds a significant position in different biological and biochemical processes because its ions Cu+2 and Cu+ can carry out oxidation, dioxygen transportation, and electron transference. It is a redox-active metal. It can convert into Cu+2 or Cu+ state by accepting or donating electrons. Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) are generated on alloy surfaces. The redox reaction of copper (Cu+2 $\leftrightarrow$ Cu+) along with the generation of ROS results in enhanced inactivation of the virus. In this review, the effectiveness of copper against coronaviruses has been explained. The enaturing of specific proteins of coronavirus by the interaction of copper and its ions has also been reported. Hence, the copper coated surfaces could be used in public areas. Furthermore, the review represents the different techniques used for the coating of copper on conductive and non-conductive surfaces.

• Keywords

SARS-CoV-2 anti-covid agents COVID-19 respiratory disease e±cacy of vaccine

mehr_azam91@yahoo.com (Azam Ali)

dana.kremenakova@tul.cz (Dana Křemenáková)

jiri.miltky@tul.cz (Jiri Militky)

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@Article{JFBI-14-173, author = {Ali , Azam and Zehravi , Mehrukh and Farrukh Tahir , Muhammad and Ali , Asif and Zaman Khan , Muhammad and Křemenáková , Dana and Militky , Jiri}, title = {Impact of copper and Emerging Technologies against Novel Coronavirus}, journal = {Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics}, year = {2021}, volume = {14}, number = {3}, pages = {173--188}, abstract = {

Coronavirus belongs to the novel virulent strains of the respiratory viruses. It is an invisible enemy having significant threats to human health. The major trouble is that the spread of coronavirus is not limited to its transmission from human to human (by contact, fomites, and droplets) but also continue to transmit from contaminated surfaces to humans. These infectious viruses can survive in different non- biocidal materials for a long time. Copper holds a significant position in different biological and biochemical processes because its ions Cu+2 and Cu+ can carry out oxidation, dioxygen transportation, and electron transference. It is a redox-active metal. It can convert into Cu+2 or Cu+ state by accepting or donating electrons. Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) are generated on alloy surfaces. The redox reaction of copper (Cu+2 $\leftrightarrow$ Cu+) along with the generation of ROS results in enhanced inactivation of the virus. In this review, the effectiveness of copper against coronaviruses has been explained. The enaturing of specific proteins of coronavirus by the interaction of copper and its ions has also been reported. Hence, the copper coated surfaces could be used in public areas. Furthermore, the review represents the different techniques used for the coating of copper on conductive and non-conductive surfaces.

}, issn = {2617-8699}, doi = {https://doi.org/10.3993/jfbim00382}, url = {http://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jfbi/19944.html} }
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of copper and Emerging Technologies against Novel Coronavirus AU - Ali , Azam AU - Zehravi , Mehrukh AU - Farrukh Tahir , Muhammad AU - Ali , Asif AU - Zaman Khan , Muhammad AU - Křemenáková , Dana AU - Militky , Jiri JO - Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics VL - 3 SP - 173 EP - 188 PY - 2021 DA - 2021/10 SN - 14 DO - http://doi.org/10.3993/jfbim00382 UR - https://global-sci.org/intro/article_detail/jfbi/19944.html KW - SARS-CoV-2 KW - anti-covid agents KW - COVID-19 respiratory disease KW - e±cacy of vaccine AB -

Coronavirus belongs to the novel virulent strains of the respiratory viruses. It is an invisible enemy having significant threats to human health. The major trouble is that the spread of coronavirus is not limited to its transmission from human to human (by contact, fomites, and droplets) but also continue to transmit from contaminated surfaces to humans. These infectious viruses can survive in different non- biocidal materials for a long time. Copper holds a significant position in different biological and biochemical processes because its ions Cu+2 and Cu+ can carry out oxidation, dioxygen transportation, and electron transference. It is a redox-active metal. It can convert into Cu+2 or Cu+ state by accepting or donating electrons. Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) are generated on alloy surfaces. The redox reaction of copper (Cu+2 $\leftrightarrow$ Cu+) along with the generation of ROS results in enhanced inactivation of the virus. In this review, the effectiveness of copper against coronaviruses has been explained. The enaturing of specific proteins of coronavirus by the interaction of copper and its ions has also been reported. Hence, the copper coated surfaces could be used in public areas. Furthermore, the review represents the different techniques used for the coating of copper on conductive and non-conductive surfaces.

Azam Ali, Mehrukh Zehravi, Muhammad Farrukh Tahir, Asif Ali, Muhammad Zaman Khan, Dana Křemenáková & Jiri Militky. (2021). Impact of copper and Emerging Technologies against Novel Coronavirus. Journal of Fiber Bioengineering and Informatics. 14 (3). 173-188. doi:10.3993/jfbim00382
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